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Audio

Being Mandela / Audio

All audio credit: Nelson Mandela Foundation

Audio 1

  1. How he gets his English name
  2. Relationship with King (Regent) and Queen of the Abathembu; reminiscing about Qunu
  3. Anecdotes – Clarkebury and Healdtown
  4. Describing his initiation ceremony into manhood
  5. Describing Healdtown; the principle Arthur Wellington and visit by Xhosa poet Mqhayi
  6. Duties of the prefect at Healdtown
  7. Describing being at the University of Fort Hare; SRC election; returns home and the Regent arranges a marriage
  8. Describing search of the suitcase at Crown Mines, Johannesburg; meeting Walter Sisulu and others – opening up a whole new world to him
  9. Garlick Mbekeni introduces him to Walter Sisulu, describes his early years in Johannesburg
  10. Describes being the first black law student at Wits, and his classmates
  11. Describing joining the ANC in 1944, and the establishment of the ANC Youth League
  12. Describes the impact of the 1946 Indian passive resistance campaign on him
  13. Describes the unexpected victory of the National Party in 1948
  14. Describes the use of non-violence as a strategy and not a principle; arm resistance becomes a reality
  15. Describes receiving military training from Colonel Tadesse, Ethiopia and by the Algerians where he uses a gun for the first time
  16. Describes writing of the Statement from the dock, and reading it in the court

Audio 2

  1. Recalling how visits to RI were conducted.
  2. Mobilising in prison; use of hunger strikes; describes first struggle – going slow.
  3. Describes different diets for African, coloureds and Indians
  4. Demands washing of their own clothes
  5. Complaints against Prison authorities
  6. Singing whilst working was banned but continued in the evening
  7. Demand for productive work, moved from lime quarry to sea
  8. Did not receive corporal punishment
  9. Fighting the policy of the prison department not individual warders
  10. On RI got authorities to treat them as political prisoners; when transferred to another prison had to start again.
  11. On arrival of youth to RI after 1976
  12. On being transferred to Pollsmoor Prison, together with Sisulu
  13. Describes cell and conditions at Pollsmoor; exercising at Pollsmoor
  14. Fitness training in prison Mon to Thur
  15. Describes hearing that his eldest son died; refused permission to attend the funeral
  16. Death of his mother
  17. Think carefully before he takes a decision
  18. Trip in the city (CT) in Dec 1984
  19. Relates memo to PW Botha, and meeting him on 5 July 1989
  20. On his being released
  21. On Kobie Coetsee
  22. On being transferred to Victor Verster
  23. Start talks with the government when he was living alone on Victor Verster; did not tell his comrades beforehand
  24. On telling his comrades in Pollsmoor, and Oliver Tambo in Lusaka of talking with the government
  25. Obstacles to negotiation, including the armed struggle
  26. Visit to Tuynhuys; meeting with FW de Klerk
  27. De Klerk involved in preparation of his meeting PW Botha
  28. Describes his release at 4pm, receives call from Clarens Kuyter who asks him to walk out of the gate; and drive to CT
  29. Surprise at seeing the crowd at the gate
  30. Describes being caught in the crowd
  31. Call from Tutu; arrive at grand parade, reads his speech
  32. Explains collective approach in drafting speech
  33. Goes to Bishopscourt – Tutu’s house for the night
  34. Address press conference Mon morning
  35. Explains why he thought it was time to negotiate
  36. Morale was high – didn’t ever think he will die in jail
  37. Came back with the same views and political passion as when he went to jail but in jail had lots of time to think;
  38. People have both flaws and strength, and allowances should be made for both
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